Sexual Health

When you are in a sexual relationship with someone you are also having sex with every person they have had sex with previously. Click on the link to see what this means!

All information was obtained from the Center for Disease Control.

This information is meant for general educational purposes only.
It should not be relied upon as a substitute

for professional medical advice.

For more information about sexual health go to:

Center for Disease Control


When you are involved in a sexual relationship you may have two worries: becoming pregnant or being infected by a sexually transmitted infection. You should be concerned about both! A pregnancy or an STI is totally life changing!

When you have sex, protected or unprotected, you are taking a huge risk! At present the Center for Disease Control, as of 2013, has declared that the United States is at the epidemic level.

Here are some of the facts about sexually transmitted infections and/or diseases:

Gonorrhea is a nasty infection and can be  sexually spread via the penis, vagina, mouth, anus, as well as from a pregnant woman to her baby during delivery. Sexual release (i.e. masturbation) does not have to happen in order for this nastiness to infect you!

Here's some of the symptoms:


  • burning sensation while urinating
  • white, yellow or green discharge from the penis
  • pain and swelling in the testicles 


  • discomfort and/or burning when urinating
  • increase in discharge from vagina
  • bleeding between periods

In the past gonorrhea could be cured with antibiotics, however, the Center for Disease Control has now reported that gonorrhea is quickly mutating to the point that common antibiotics are no longer working and new treatments are needed.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?
HPV is the most frequently mentioned and the most common STI. At present there are 150 different viruses related to the HPV strain and over 40 different types! This STI is so common that the majority of Americans will have HPV at some time in their lives. It is estimated that 80 million Americans are infected with an HPV strain. One of the reasons this virus is so prevalent is because most of the people who are infected by HPV don't even know they are sick! This STI is contracted through intimate skin to skin contact.

HPV symptoms include:

Genital warts -  small bumps or groups of bumps found in the genital area.        

Cervical Cancer - There are no symptoms until the cancer has progressed to a dangerous point. Regular pap smears are critical for women who are sexually active with one or multiple partners. It is the only test that will detect cervical cancer in its beginning stages.

HPV is passed from person to person through genital contact. Again, this is an STI that can go a long time without being detected or seeing any symptoms. This means that having a pap smear is critical.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
PID is one of those STIs that has long lasting, life changing effects for a woman. Life changing because it attacks the reproductive system including the fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries. So, while having sex with multiple partners may be fun you could possibly be creating an environment where you could never have children. This STI is caused by several different bacteria, but gonorrhea and chlamydia are often found at the same time with PID.

Symptoms may include:

  • lower back pain
  • unusual discharge
  • odor
  • painful urination
  • irregular menstrual bleeding.

PID can be treated with antibiotics, if diagnosed, which means you need to be tested in order to be treated! If you would like to be pregnant one day and are sexually active think about this statistic: one out of every 10 women is left infertile after just one episode of PID.


Syphilis can have long term complications and can even cause death.

This virus is spread from person to person through the sores that the disease develops. Like genital herpes, syphilis sores occur on the genitals, vagina, anus, rectum and also on the lips and mouth area. The first signs of infection can occur within 21 days.

A pregnant woman can pass syphilis on to her unborn child so it is important to be tested during the course of her pregnancy. Untreated babies can have numerous health problems and possibly die as a result of being infected.        

Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics. The antibiotics, however, do not repair any damage that syphilis has already created in your body. Condoms may help reduce the possibility of infection but like all other STIs/STDs the surest way to not become infected is to not have sex outside of a monogamous relationship. If you have multiple partners you absolutely need to be tested!

STDs & STIs: How NOT to Get One   
STIs spread through all types of sex and/or intimate skin-to-skin contact. These include oral sex, outercourse, anal sex, mutual masturbation or any sexual habit where bodily fluids would be exchanged. Using a condom during sex may or may not help prevent you from being infected. Condoms may help but even a condom isn't 100% fool proof. Check out the Center for Disease Control for more information on condoms!

Again, unless you're in a committed, monogamous (neither of you have had or are having sex with anyone else)relationship, just not having sex is your safest way to go. If you haven't been tested and are sexually active, please go the the health department or make an appointment with Durango Pregnancy Center and get tested now!

Don't be foolish! Sex can make you sick.Information on STI/STDs

  • There are over 25 sexually transmitted infections/diseases at present.
  • Many of the STIs/STDs have become immune to treatment.
  • 1 in 5 Americans are infected with an STI. (2018)
  • 26 million new cases were reported in 2018.
  • Of the new cases - HALF of them are in the 15 - 24 year old age group.
  • You could have an STI (sexually transmitted infection) and not know it. Just because you don't see or experience any symptoms doesn't mean you are not infected. An STI becomes an STD (sexually transmitted disease) when the symptoms appear.​

Check out more information here!

The Basics
There are now more than 25 STIs/STDs(Sexually Transmitted Infections/Sexually Transmitted Diseases), several of which are chronic, life-long diseases.

1 in 5 Americans have been diagnosed and are infected.
26 million new infections are diagnosed each year - half of these are between 15 - 24 years old.

For the most up to date information regarding STIs and STDs please go to the Center for Disease Control.

Free STI Testing for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
Call for an appointment

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B makes your liver sick. It is a designated STI and can be passed through body fluids but it can also be spread through blood. There is absolutely no cure for Hepatitis B once you are infected. This has become so prevalent that vaccinations of school age children is required. If you have not received a Hepatitis B vaccination it is important that you do so as soon as possible.

Hepatitis B is an STI that keeps silent but has deadly results. Many people don't know they have Hepatitis B because they don't feel or look sick. Nevertheless they can pass this STI on to their sexual partners.

Possible symptoms include:    

  • fever
  • fatigue
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • vomiting, and more

Condom use does not protect you completely from Hepatitis B.

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination
There is a vaccination called Gardasil that protects against some HPV strains but it doesn't protect against all of them. If you are sexually active it will protect against the strains that are known to cause cervical cancer but given that HPV has over 100 strains your risk is high if you continue to have multiple sex partners.

Frequent adverse reactions of Gardasil are:        

  • fever
  • nausea
  • dizziness
  • injection-site pain

Serious adverse reactions are       

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome
  • blood clots
  • death

Once again, by just not having sex you protect yourself from HPV!

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​Emergency after hours - 970.403.9397

​Non-medical - All services are free

Chlamydia is a common STI. Permanent and lasting damage can happen to a woman's reproductive organs (uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries) if not treated. It is the most frequently reported STI in the United States.

Often chlamydia shows no signs or symptoms but the damage is still being done.      

Like so many STIs, chlamydia is spread through body fluids during vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Condoms will give some protection against chlamydia, but even with condoms there is the risk that you can become infected. Even if you're having oral sex you can be infected by chlamydia if your partner is infected.

Warning-the below video, while excellent, contains graphic language, images and descriptions.

Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is a sneaky STI because lots of people infected with this disease do not show any symptoms! When symptoms do appear they frequently appear as blisters around your private parts (genitals or rectum). When these blisters break they become sores that can take two to four weeks to heal. And, if you're pregnant and you have an outbreak of these blisters at the time of your delivery, the baby's health can be jeopardized!

There are two types of genital herpes: HSV-1 is what is considered oral herpes; the type of virus that causes cold sores. HSV-2 is commonly found in the area around the genitals. HSV-1 isn't generally sexually related; but this is where it gets very tricky. The common "cold sore" virus is now being seen in the genital and oral areas because of the practice of oral sex.

Genital herpes has no cure! There are medications that can help control the blister outbreaks. However,  a person with genital herpes may be contagious and not even know it because between the blister outbreaks this virus stays silent. There are all sorts of reasons why a blister outbreak can occur but even using a condom correctly does not provide complete protection.

Dating. . .then comes sex?

  • Dating is fun.
  • Dating can be dangerous.
  • It's fun when you're in a relationship with someone who likes doing the same stuff you do.
  • It can be dangerous when you start feeling pressure to have sex.

The decision to have sex is pretty important, and there are lots of things to think about. Having sex is very different for women and guys. That's because we're made differently both emotionally and physically! Sex can be an emotional bond for women but less so for guys.

Do not be afraid to say "NO" to sex. In fact, it may reveal just how much your boyfriend or girlfriend really cares for you. If they accept your "NO" it is a much better sign as to the health of your relationship than if you feel obligated or pressured into having sex. If they do not accept "NO", that could be a sign that your boyfriend or girlfriend is more interested in their own physical wants and desires.

Do you want to talk with someone about your relationship? We are here for you. Please feel free to contact us. Here's our number 970-247-5559.